AutoCAD R14 February 1997

AutoCAD Release 14 Febuary 1997

นับได้ว่าเป็นรุ่นยอดนิยมอีกรุ่นหนึ่งที่มีคนใช้กันมาก ใน R14 ระบบของกราฟิกที่เสริมเข้ามาใหม่ แทนที่ของระบบ ADI โดยการใช้ ระบบกราฟิกของ HEIDI ที่ช่วยให้แสดงภาพของไฟล์โดยใช้หน่วยความจำที่จำกัด (อ่านแล้วยังมึนๆ ให้รู้เพียงแค่ว่ามันเปลี่ยนระบบของการแสดงภาพหล่ะกันนะครับ)  ในส่วนของ Paper Space ก็เพิ่มรายการเข้ามาอย่างเช่น Layout1 ครับ การคำนวณภาพใหม่ในโหมด Paper space เช่นการ Zoom ขยายภาพหรือการ Pan ใน R14 นี้สามารถทำได้และจำนวน สูงสุด ของ viewports ใช้ งาน ใน พื้นที่ กระดาษ เพิ่ม ขึ้นเป็น 16-48.

การเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพของเส้นต่อเนื่อง Polylines โดยจะเก็บข้อมูลไว้เพียง 1 ข้อมูลเท่านั้นเพื่อลดขนาดของพื้นที่ไฟล์ ยิ่งใช้เส้นต่อเนื่อง Polyline มากเท่าไหร่คุณก็สามารถลดขนาดของไฟล์งานที่คุณทำได้มากเท่านั้น บ่อยมากที่ทุกครั้งเวลาเขียนเส้นแล้วผมมักจะใช้ Pedit เพื่อ Joint เชื่อมต่อเส้นให้เป็นเส้นต่อเนื่องในการประหยัดพื้นที่ของข้อมูล และที่สำคํญมันช่วยให้เปิดไฟล์งานโดยเข้าถึงข้อมูลได้ไว รวดเร็วมากยิ่งขึ้นครับ

รูปแบบของลวดลาย Hatch ก็เฉกเช่นเดียวกันกับ เส้นต่อเนื่อง โดยจะเก็บข้อมูลให้เป็นวัตถุเพียงฃิ้นเดียวเพื่อการประหยัดพื้นที่ในการเก็บข้อมูลครับและประหยัดเวลาด้วย

Modular Application Structure (Application Demand Loading)

The 3D features, ACIS solid modeler, Image Support Module, DRAWORDER command, Multiline Text Editor, external databases, Match Properties, Internet Utilities, and Render are now demand-loaded ARX applications which only need to be loaded when they are used.

Demand-Loaded Externally Referenced Drawings (Xrefs)

Xref drawings can now be demand loaded. When demand loading is enabled, AutoCAD loads into memory only the portions of the referenced drawing that are necessary to regenerate the current drawing.
The performance benefits of demand loading are most noticeable when you either clip the xref to display a small fraction of it and a spatial index is saved in the externally referenced drawing, or when you freeze many layers of the xref and the externally referenced drawing is saved with a layer index.

AutoSnap is a new option of Running Object Snaps that indicates the snap points on an object with a colored marker and a tooltip as your aperture box moves over an object. You can press TAB to cycle through all the snap points available on the object. AutoSnap settings can be changed on the AutoSnap tab in the Osnap Settings dialog box.

Object Snap Button
The Osnap button on the status bar enables you to switch object snaps on and off without losing your settings.

Object Snap Coordinate Entry Override
The new system variable OSNAPCOORD enables you to override object snap settings with coordinate entry or settings made in a script. You can set this option with the Compatibility tab in the Preferences dialog box.

Plot Preview
The new PREVIEW command enables you to view a drawing you are about to plot in Microsoft standard layout format. You can now use Real Time Zoom and Pan within the PREVIEW window. To plot the drawing using the current configuration, select Plot. To change plotter configuration settings, you must use the PLOT command.

Tracking is a new drawing aid that enables you to visually locate points relative to other points in your drawing. Tracking combines both X and Y point filters and enables you to use them on the fly. Tracking is unlike point filters in that a tracking point cannot snap to itself. Tracking constrains point selection to an orthogonal path.

Combined Realtime Zoom and Pan
Realtime Zoom and Pan are now options of the ZOOM and PAN commands. Right-clicking your pointing device in Realtime Zoom or Pan displays a cursor menu that enables you to switch between Zoom, Pan, Zoom Previous, and Zoom extents.

Zoom Dynamic
Fast Zoom is a new option of ZOOM Dynamic. If Fast Zoom is enabled, you can use ZOOM Dynamic to change the current drawing view without regenerating the drawing. If Fast Zoom is disabled, the drawing is regenerated at the completion of the ZOOM command. ZOOM Dynamic displays the generated portion of the drawing in a view box that represents the current viewport.

Command Line Window Editing
Right-clicking your pointing device brings up a cursor menu that enables you to cut and paste previously issued commands. You can navigate through the list of commands entered at the keyboard using the UP ARROW and DOWN ARROW keys, and then press ENTER to reissue the command on the current line.
You can edit command line text as well as paste new text from the clipboard using the keyboard navigation keys
With the text window active, you can use PAGE UP and PAGE DOWN to quickly view the history window one page at a time. You can also copy blocks of text from the history window or the text window to the Clipboard, and paste it on the command line.

Layer & Linetype Properties Dialog Box
The new Layer & Linetype Properties dialog box manages the creation and modification of layers and linetypes. This dialog box consolidates the number of commands and system variables once needed to control layer and linetype behavior. The new dialog box enables you to sort, rename, and delete layers and linetypes with standard Windows '95 and Windows NT 4.0 interaction, such as a right-click menu, CTRL+click and SHIFT+click selection methods, and the ability to sort layers by clicking on column headings.

Object Properties Toolbar

The new Object Properties toolbar enables you to view and change the properties of a selected object's layer, color, and linetype. This toolbar consolidates the commands once needed to view and edit and object's properties. You change an object's properties by first choosing the object with your pointing device and then selecting a new setting for the object from the appropriate control (layer, color, or linetype) on the Object Properties toolbar.

Match Properties
You can quickly copy the properties of one object to one or more objects with Match Properties command. Depending on the object selected, Match Object Properties can copy
+ Colors
+ Layers
+ Linetypes
+ Linetype scale
+ Thickness
+ Text properties
+ Dimension properties
+ Hatch properties

Make Object's Layer Current
This routine enables you to make an object's layer the current layer by selecting an object in your drawing and then clicking the Make Object's Layer Current tool on the Object Properties toolbar.

Multiline Text Editor (MTEXT Command)
The new Multiline Text Editor dialog box provides a Microsoft standard windows interface to create and edit paragraph text. The MTEXT editor also recognizes both AutoCAD standard SHX fonts as well as TrueType fonts.

Style Dialog Box
The STYLE command displays the new Style dialog box. Fonts can be specified by font name instead of by filename. The names of all registered TrueType fonts installed on your system are listed as well as the names of all SHX font files in the AutoCAD Release 14-font directory. The Font Style box lists Regular, Bold, Italic, and Bold Italic styles, depending on the attributes supported by the TrueType font. You can continue to assign Big Fonts to text styles using the Big Font check box.

Start Up and Setup Wizards

When you start AutoCAD Release 14, the AutoCAD Start Up dialog box is automatically displayed. This dialog box consolidates the setup of units of measure, drawing limits, and paper space. You can also specify a drawing template or open an existing drawing. From the Start Up dialog box, you can also use a wizard to guide you through the setup of units and paper space.

Template Drawings
AutoCAD prototype drawings have been changed to templates with a DWT file extension. Templates can be organized in separate folders and easily accessed by the Start Up dialog box. You can also add your own templates to the list in the Start Up Dialog box.

Explorer File Dialog Boxes
All Open and Save As dialog boxes in AutoCAD now use the Microsoft standard Windows Explorer dialog box, making open and save as operations the same between commands.

Toolbars Dialog Box

The Toolbars dialog box enables you to display, remove, customize or create new toolbars. The toolbars dialog can be accessed by entering tbconfig at the command line or selecting Toolbars from the View menu.

External Database (ASE)

Database configuration settings are no longer stored in the asi.ini file. These settings are now stored in the system registry. You can change these settings with the new ASI Configuration Editor. To set up External Databases, start the External Database Configuration program located on the task bar.

Solid Fill

You can add colored fills to any closed region inside your drawing by selecting SOLID as the pattern during hatching. Any of AutoCAD's 255 colors can be used for the fill.

The Draworder Command

The new Draworder command can be used to ensure the correct display of objects and hard-copy output when two or more objects overlay each other. For example, text that is obscured by a line or solid hatch can be brought to the front or sent to the back.

Creating Compound Documents with OLE

This release adds support for printing OLE metafile objects, such as line drawings and spreadsheets on nonsystem printer devices, and controlling their visibility and printing order. It also provides better control over proportional scaling of OLE objects. You can also change OLE objects into AutoCAD raster objects during a paste operation.

Internet Browser

The Internet browser feature automatically launches your system's default Internet browser and connects you to a Web site of your choice without having to leave AutoCAD. The internet location can be changed in the Preference dialog box to include your favorite Internet resource site or an Intranet site (for example, one that lists your company's drafting standards).

Customization Tools
ObjectARX 2.0

AutoCAD's object-oriented API, ARX (AutoCAD Runtime Extension), has been enhanced to provide tighter integration, better access, and improved performance for third-party applications. Data interoperability has been improved, and the "zombie" object behavior has been replaced by a more interactive "proxy" object.

ActiveX Automation Interface

AutoCAD now supports the ActiveX Automation interface standard developed by Microsoft. AutoCAD objects and their methods are now exposed to applications subscribing to this interface. For example, Visual Basic can now access AutoCAD objects and their creation and editing methods. Thus, you can now use the Visual Basic programming language to drive AutoCAD or to write a single application that integrates AutoCAD with other ActiveX Automation compliant applications, such as Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, and Microsoft Access.

Persistent AutoLISP

AutoLISP routines can now be "persistent" across drawing file initializations: variables and information from one drawing load can be carried forward to the next, and the routine itself does not need to be reloaded. Batch processing routines are easier to write and run much faster as a result of this change.

Persistent Partial Menus

If you have loaded a partial menu and then exit AutoCAD, the partial menu will be reloaded the next time you start AutoCAD.

Management Tools

The default installation has been sped up. In addition, a network installation wizard helps you install AutoCAD on a network, install the Autodesk License Manager, and set it up for push/pull distribution to network clients.

Configuration Options

All of the AutoCAD configuration options have been consolidated within the Preferences dialog box. The settings that you specify are stored in the Windows system registry.
+ On the Files tab, you can specifies the search locations for support files.
+ On the Performance tab, you can optimize the performance of AutoCAD.
+ On the Compatibility tab, you can specify general operating preferences relative to the behavior of previous releases.
+ On the Display tab, you can specify AutoCAD display options, including drawing and text window parameters.
+ On the Pointer tab, you can optimize the performance of your mouse or digitizer.
+ On the Printer tab, you can configure your current printer (Settings are stored in AutoCAD configuration file).
+ On the Profiles tab, you can to customize the AutoCAD environment for a specific user and to set up multiple-user environments.

Network Printing

You can now configure AutoCAD directly for network print queues during configuration. When configuring a hard-copy device, enter n for network when prompted for the type of port to which the device is connected. You can also choose to configure AutoCAD for multiple plots using the batchplt.exe utility.

File Sharing

AutoCAD now uses the Windows operating system for sharing files, eliminating the old DWK system of file locking.

Network License Manager

AutoCAD licenses can now be shared (or "floated") over a TCP/IP-enabled network. You can install the License Manager software and tools using the Network Setup Wizard. For more information on networking, see the online Installation Guide, accessible through the Help menu.